List Of All Opioids In The United States
Medically reviewed byJennifer Cousineau MSCP, LPCI, NCC
January 25, 2019
The abuse of opioid drugs is an issue that affects individuals all across America. In order to better understand and prevent opioid abuse and addiction, it is highly beneficial to fully comprehend the drugs of abuse. These drugs can be very harmful, highly addictive, and even lead to overdose. Fortunately, treatment utilizing various behavioral therapies and counseling is available, offering comprehensive support and care.
How does opioid abuse affect our nation? The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) explains that, “the abuse of and addiction to opioids such as heroin, morphine, and prescription pain relievers is a serious global problem that affects the health, social, and economic welfare of all societies.” The amount of people who abuse opioids worldwide numbers in the millions—between 26.4 million and 36 million, approximately.
Abuse isn’t just a troublesome habit, however. With high trends in opioid abuse has come increased deaths due to overdose. The first step in helping to overcome high rates of abuse is raising awareness. In this effort, it may be helpful to know what opioids are, recognize which opioids are in the United States, and the different kinds; and learn how to seek treatment for opioid abuse.
Opioids are a class of drugs which bind to opioid receptors in the brain and produce feelings of euphoria, calm, and a state of heightened relaxation. The drugs are derived from an opium compound, such as the poppy seed. Opioids include powerful, illicit, recreational drugs such as heroin and opium, as well as prescription drugs such as morphine, codeine, and fentanyl. Though prescription opioids are usually prescribed legally to treat pain, and can be safe when taken as directed, many have highly addictive properties.
Those who abuse prescriptions may be unaware of the danger they undergo when changing the dose or frequency of their medication, since it is prescribed by a doctor. But the body can become addicted to or form a physical dependence on opioids after only a short time. The drug may also cause harrowing withdrawal symptoms when a person tries to stop abusing it.
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Side Effects Of Opioid Use
While opioids work by binding to opioid receptors and producing a feeling of calm and intense pleasure, they may produce some adverse side effects as well. Some of these include confusion, constipation, drowsiness, and nausea. Opioids are typically sought in recreational use for the euphoric feeling of well-being they produce. Those who abuse opioids are often trying to intensify this experience. However, as NIDA explains, “when people tamper with long-acting or extended-release medicines, which typically contain higher doses because they are intended for release over long periods, the results can be particularly dangerous, as all the medicine can be released at one time.” Prolonged abuse can lead to tolerance, physical dependence, addiction, withdrawal symptoms when stopping abuse, or even overdose.
List Of Opioids In The U.S.
Recognizing opioids and their potential harmful side effects, as well as the guidelines for safe usage, may be the most effective way to prevent abuse. Prescription opioids are available in either brand name or generic form. Brand names are listed by trade names and described under their generic names. Generic drugs are listed by drug name and described under their generic name forms. The following is a breakdown of all the prescription opioids in the United States, according to the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) and NIDA:
Brand Name Opioid Prescriptions:
- Abstral (fentanyl)
- Actiq (fentanyl)
- Avinza (morphine sulfate extended-release capsules)
- Butrans (buprenorphine transdermal system)
- Conzip (tramadol)
- Demerol (meperidine [also known as isonipecaine or pethidine])
- Dilaudid (hydromorphone [also known as dihydromorphinone])
- Dolophine (methadone hydrochloride tablets)
- Duragesic (fentanyl transdermal system)
- Fentora (fentanyl)
- Hysingla (hydrocodone)
- Methadose (methadone)
- Morphabond (morphine)
- Nucynta ER (tapentadol extended-release oral tablets)
- Onsolis (fentanyl)
- Oramorph (morphine)
- Oxaydo (oxycodone)
- Roxanol-T (morphine)
- Sublimaze (fentanyl)
- Wildnil (carfentanil)
- Xtampza ER (oxycodone)
- Zohydro ER (hydrocodone)
Combination Opioid Prescriptions:
- Anexsia (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Co-Gesic (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Embeda (morphine sulfate and naltrexone extended-release capsules)
- Exalgo (hydromorphone hydrochloride extended-release tablets)
- Hycet (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Hycodan (hydrocodone containing homatropine)
- Hydromet (hydrocodone containing homatropine)
- Ibudone (hydrocodone containing ibuprofen)
- Kadian (morphine sulfate extended-release tablets)
- Liquicet (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Lorcet (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Lorcet Plus (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Lortab (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Maxidone (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- MS Contin (morphine sulfate controlled-release tablets)
- Norco (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Opana ER (oxymorphone hydrochloride extended-release tablets)
- OxyContin (oxycodone hydrochloride controlled-release tablets)
- Oxycet (oxycodone containing acetaminophen)
- Palladone (hydromorphone hydrochloride extended-release capsules)
- Percocet (oxycodone containing acetaminophen)
- Percodan (oxycodone containing aspirin)
- Reprexain (hydrocodone containing ibuprofen)
- Rezira (hydrocodone containing pseudoephedrine)
- Roxicet (oxycodone containing acetaminophen)
- Targiniq ER (oxycodone containing naloxone)
- TussiCaps (hydrocodone containing chlorpheniramine)
- Tussionex (hydrocodone containing chlorpheniramine)
- Tuzistra XR (codeine containing chlorpheniramine)
- Tylenol #3 and #4 (codeine containing acetaminophen)
- Vicodin (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Vicodin ES (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Vicodin HP (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Vicoprofen (hydrocodone containing ibuprofen)
- Vituz (hydrocodone containing chlorpheniramine)
- Xartemis XR (oxycodone containing acetaminophen)
- Xodol (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Zolvit (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
- Zutripro (hydrocodone containing chlorpheniramine and pseudoephedrine)
- Zydone (hydrocodone containing acetaminophen)
Generic Opioid Prescriptions:
- Fentanyl (fentanyl extended-release transdermal system)
- Methadone hydrochloride (methadone hydrochloride tablets, methadone hydrochloride oral solution)
- Morphine sulfate (morphine sulfate extended-release capsules, morphine sulfate extended-release tablets)
- Oxymorphone hydrochloride (oxymorphone hydrochloride extended-release tablets)
Street names for opioids include: Apache, China girl, China white, Dance fever, Dillies, Friend, Goodfella, Hillbilly Heroin, Jackpot, Juice, Murder 8, Oxy 80, Oxycat, Percs, Perks, Tango and Cash, and TNT.
What Treatments Are Available For Opioid Abuse?
Most opioid abuse treatment methods begin with a detoxification period, a necessary process which rids the body of lingering, harsh chemicals acquired from prolonged abuse. This process is typically accompanied by harsh withdrawal symptoms. That is why treatment is often best completed in an inpatient setting. Rehab facilities may provide the most suitable healing environment, as they offer care and support all hours of the day. Further, treatment centers are geared specifically for recovering individuals—this means that those recovering will do so in an environment free from substances and triggers, in the company of professional care and support, and along with other individuals who share their struggles.
Some form of therapy is usually part of a treatment program, such as behavioral therapy. This method teaches recovering individuals to form new lifestyles without the burden of substance abuse. Counseling is almost always offered during treatment and often recommended for aftercare and continuing recovery. Many treatment facilities encompass a full, comprehensive treatment plan that incorporates different treatment options which work to treat a person’s body, mind, and spirit.
How To Get Help Finding Treatment For Opioid Abuse
If you have discovered someone close to you is suffering from opioid abuse, you may feel a bit overwhelmed and confused. Even if you are unsure what to do next, we can help you through this difficult time. For more information about substance abuse, rehab centers, treatment options, or simply to voice your concerns, contact us today at RehabCenter.net.Article Sources
Drug Free World - Opioids And morphine Derivatives
National Institute On Drug Abuse - America’s Addiction To Opioids: Heroin And Prescription Drug Abuse
U.S. Food And Drug Administration - List Of Extended-Release And Long-Acting Opioid Products Required To Have An Opioid REMS