Opium Addiction And The Best Rehab Centers For Treatment
Opium is a drug derived from poppy seed pods. It’s a highly addictive narcotic that has been used since around 100 AD in folk medicine. In the 17th century, the Chinese began smoking the drug, creating a serious addiction problem that peaked in the 18th century. Eventually the drug spread to Europe and North America, where it was commonly used as a painkiller, and addiction also grew from this use. While it is rare in North America today, people in all parts of the world are continuing to struggle with opium, and the effects of the drug are life-altering.
How Opium Addiction Occurs
The alkaloids in opium stay in the individual’s system for up to 48 hours. The addiction happens quickly, and some users report addiction within just two weeks of use. Short-term effects of opium include:
- Increased sense of well-being
- Drowsiness and clam feelings
- Slowed breathing
These positive feelings are what cause people to want to continue smoking opium. Unfortunately, opium is one drug that has a high risk of tolerance. As the body develops tolerance to the drug, the addicted individual needs a continuing amount of the drug in order to experience the high. This can lead to serious addiction and abuse problems.
Opium’s withdrawal symptoms are quite intense, and as such make the addiction difficult to overcome. Common withdrawal symptoms include:
- Mood swings
- Muscle twitches
The intensity of these symptoms often send addicted individual right back to the drug, even if they wish to quit.
Treatment for Opium Addiction
Because of the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms, individuals who are addicted to opium need to seek professional treatment in order to overcome their addiction. Inpatient addiction may be one of the most effective options. In an inpatient treatment center, the addicted individual will check in to the program and go through the withdrawal process under the care of professional treatment specialists.
Outpatient treatment requires more discipline on the part of the addicted individual, but provides more freedom. In an outpatient treatment setup, the addicted individual will check in with the treatment professionals on a regular schedule to keep tabs on how treatment is going, but are able to continue living at home and attending normal activities. Mild opium addictions may be treatable on an outpatient basis, but severe cases need the support of an inpatient treatment program.
In addition to the inpatient and outpatient therapies, medical detox is another option. Medical detox involves medical professionals in addition to the treatment specialists who can provide medical support for the withdrawal symptoms. This might include medication to mange symptoms and a gradual stepping down of the drug to help lessen dependence. Whether inpatient or outpatient treatment is chosen, opium addiction is best treated with the help of medical detox.
For help finding the right treatment program for your addiction, contact an addiction treatment specialist at RehabCenter.net.