Fentanyl Addiction And The Best Rehab Centers For Treatment
Fentanyl is an effective synthetic opioid narcotic used primarily as a fast-acting intravenous anesthesia in operating rooms. Since its first appearance on the market in the 1960s, use of the drug has broadened in both application and delivery methods. Today, fentanyl is also prescribed for palliative care as a patch. The patch slows the release of the drug into the bloodstream via body fat and can last for up to four days. Opioid-tolerant patients are given fentanyl lozenges, nasal sprays, and even films that dissolve inside the cheek. The fentanyl is absorbed transmucosally, and helps offset breakthrough pain associated with cancer, severe back injuries, and other chronic conditions.
Fentanyl is sold under the brand names: Acti, Duragesic, Fentora, Lazanda, and Sublimaze.
How Fentanyl Works and Addiction Happens
Used primarily as an analgesic, fentanyl reduces feelings of pain by attaching to opioid receptors in the brain, along the spinal cord, and within other organ systems in the body. These opioid receptors regulate our pain thresholds and emotion related to sensation. Synthetic opioids like fentanyl generate a flood of excess dopamine, triggering feelings of immense euphoria in users and significantly raising the body’s threshold for pain.
The increased dopamine levels induced by use of fentanyl are on par with heroin. The drug is up to 100 times more potent than morphine and its efficacy is stronger than heroin.
As excess signals from dopamine neurotransmitters begin flooding the central nervous system, the brain attempts to regulate the signal overload by shutting down individual opioid receptors. This builds the body’s tolerance to the drug and is one avenue toward increased use of fentanyl.
Similar to heroin, quick tolerance to the drug leaves the addict craving the euphoric side effects. Occasionally dealers will combine heroin and fentanyl to intensify results. This combination often proves deadly. A recent string of more than 20 overdose deaths were reported in Pennsylvania due to fentanyl-laced heroin.
On the street, the drug is often sold as Apache, shug, China girl, dance fever, friend, goodfella, jackpot, murder eight, TNT, and Tango and Cash. Those who abuse the drug take it intravenously, but it is also snorted as a powder.
Fentanyl Side Effects
Abuse of fentanyl has many adverse and dangerous side effects as the drug works to depress sensation within the central nervous system. Central nervous system depressants can cause trouble breathing, slowing of heart rate, coma, and even death.
Even more mild side effects from fentanyl use are numerous and often uncomfortable. They include mood changes, changes in stool, nausea and vomiting, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, convulsions, ulcers, cramping and more. Serious side effects resulting from abuse may generate severe difficulty breathing, loss of consciousness, and death. Even if the individual coping with addiction to fentanyl is not yet ready for treatment, it is critical someone is aware of the problem and that the addicted person is monitored until he or she can get help for the dependency.
Overcoming Withdrawal with Support
Withdrawal symptoms from fentanyl may be severe if a person attempts to wean off the drug abruptly. The physical and psychological addiction is related to changes in the brain that occur with opioid-type drugs over time. The brain has literally been rewired toward dependency and getting clean requires significant support, including ongoing counseling. Medical supervision may be necessary during the initial withdrawal and often in-house treatment centers are good options for fentanyl-addicted persons for detox purposes. Detox will help the user get over the challenges of physical addiction and allow them to focus on their recovery.
You are not the Addiction
Those struggling with addiction to fentanyl face a difficult battle moving forward. The first step toward recovery is recognizing your own courage in seeking help and understanding you are not the addiction. RehabCenter.net will connect you with treatment centers that will meet your individualized needs and help connect you with additional resources to help you on your path toward recovery.
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Speak with someone in confidence today to learn more about options available to you. RehabCenter.net is here to help you reach your recovery goals. Contact us today to reclaim your life.